The world's five major plastics production domestic energy status


The production of plastics (raw materials) in the United States has been the highest in the world for many years. As early as the early 1980s, US plastics production reached 20 million tons. In 1986, it increased to 23 million tons, accounting for 28.5% of the world's total output of 8,100 tons. Since then, US plastics production has continued to show steady growth. In 1988, In 1990, 1992, 1994, 1996 and 1998, they increased to 27.1 million tons, 28.1 million tons, 30.1 million tons, 34.1 million tons, 40 million tons and 43.6 million tons, respectively, accounting for the proportion of total world production from 1996. Increase to more than 30%. In 2001, the US plastic production was 41.7 million tons, of which polyethylene was the most, reaching more than 15 million tons.

The second is 6.5 million tons of vinyl chloride, 7.2 million tons of polypropylene, 3.2 million tons of polystyrene phthalate, and 2.8 million tons of polystyrene. Domestic plastic consumption (yield + import volume - export volume), the United States is also the world's largest. The total plastic consumption in the United States was 42.8 million tons in 2001. The average American plastic consumption is also very high. In 2000, it was 159 kg. In 2001, it was slightly reduced to 155 kg, ranking the third in the world. There are more than 10,000 plastic enterprises and institutions in the United States, of which 53% are employees with less than 50 employees, 21% are from 50 to 100, and 23% are from 100 to 500, more than 500. It accounts for nearly 4%. The total number of employees is nearly 900,000. In the US plastics processing industry, the number of employed people reached 1.1 million. In 2001, the shipment amount was 215 billion US dollars, and the per capita shipping amount was 195 US dollars.

Germany is one of the world's largest producers of plastics (raw materials). In 1991, 1992 and 1993, in the early 1990s, German plastics produced more than 9.9 million tons, and in 1994 it increased by more than 10 million tons to 11.1 million tons. . In 1998, it reached nearly 13 million tons. In 1999, it was nearly 14 million tons. In 2000, it increased to 15.5 million tons. It surpassed Japan as the world's second largest plastics producer. In 2001, it rose to 15.8 million tons. In 2002, it had passed 16 million tons. . Among the various plastic raw materials produced in Germany in 2001, polyethylene was 2.85 million tons (1.6 million tons of low-density polyethylene, 1.25 million tons of high-density polyethylene), 1.75 million tons of vinyl chloride and 1.6 million tons of polypropylene. Germany's domestic plastic consumption in 2001 was 12.8 million tons, including 2.65 million tons of polyethylene and 1.55 million tons of polypropylene. 1.52 million tons of vinyl chloride. The per capita plastic consumption in Germany was 160 kg in 2001, which is only less than 172 kg in Belgium in the world, higher than the 155 kg in the United States, ranking second in the world. The German plastics processing industry employs nearly 300,000 people. In 2001, the shipment amounted to 36 billion US dollars, and the average per capita was 126 US dollars. German plastic products processing enterprises account for 44% of the staff of less than 50 people, 28% of 50-100 people, 25% of 100-500 people, and 4% of 500 people.

China's plastics industry has continued to grow at a high speed for many years. In 1991, its output was only 2.5 million tons. In 1995, it increased to 3.5 million tons. In 1998, it exceeded 7 million tons. By 2002, it had increased by about 14 million tons, surpassing Japan and becoming the world's third. Large plastic raw material producing country. China's plastic products market will continue to strengthen this year, and there will be a large increase in packaging, engineering, building materials, agricultural and daily-use plastic products, and the demand will exceed 25 million tons. The demand for packaging plastic products will exceed 8.5 million tons this year, the demand for engineering plastic products will reach 4 million tons, the demand for building plastic products will reach 3 million tons, and the demand for agricultural plastic products will be around 5 million tons. The demand for plastic products is about 800,000 tons.

For a long time, Japan was the second largest plastics producer in the world after the United States. Until 1997, Japanese plastics production has been growing for many years. The annual output has reached more than 5 million tons in the mid-1970s. In 1987, it exceeded 10 million tons. In 1991, it reached 13 million tons. In 1992 and 1993, it was affected by Japan. The impact of the economic downturn, production slightly decreased, to 1258 and 12.25 million tons respectively. Since 1994, the output has increased again. In 1994, 1995 and 1996, it has risen to 13 million tons, 14 million tons and 14.7 million tons respectively. In 1997, the output increased by 3.7% from the previous year to 15.21 million tons, exceeding the first time. 15 million tons. However, this increase was curbed in 1998 and production was greatly reduced. In 1998, Japanese plastics production was 13.9 million tons, a decrease of 8.7% from the previous year. In 1999 and 2000, Japanese plastics production rebounded to 14.32 million tons and 14.45 million tons, respectively, but it is still far from the 1997 level. In 2001 and 2002, Japanese plastics production fell again to 13.64 million tons and 13.61 million tons below 14 million tons. In 2002, the output of Japanese plastics (raw materials) was reduced to 13.61 million tons. China increased to 13.66 million tons, and Japan retired to fourth place. The output of plastic resin accounts for about 90% of the total output of plastics (raw materials) in Japan. In 2002, Japan produced 12.14 million tons of thermoplastic resin, accounting for 89.2% of the total output, and the output of thermosetting resin was 1.27 million tons. Only 9.3%, polyethylene has the largest number of plastics produced in Japan, with 3.37 million tons, 3.14 million tons, 3.37 million tons, and 3.34 million tons in 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000 and 2001, respectively. And 3.29 million tons, reduced to 3.18 million tons in 2002, a decrease of 3.6% over the previous year, including 1.79 million tons of low-density polyethylene, 1.18 million tons of high-density polyethylene, 210,000 tons of other (EVA), and 2.64 million tons of polypropylene. , a decrease of 2% from the previous year (a decrease of 7% from the record high of 2.85 million tons in 1997; 2.23 million tons of vinyl chloride, an increase of 1.4% over the previous year (15% less than the 2.62 million tons in 1997); polystyrene 1.19 million tons, a decrease of 2.5% from the previous year (22% less than the 1.52 million tons in 1997). Japan's domestic plastic consumption reached 12.3 million tons in 1997, the highest record so far, and dropped to 10.35 million tons in 2002. The per capita annual consumption also dropped from 97.2 kg in 1997 to 81.2 kg in 2002. The Japanese plastics processing industry has 450,000 employees, and the shipment amount in 2001 was 84 billion US dollars, and the average per capita was 186 US dollars. 93.3% of the employees are under 50 (66% of them are below 9), and 4.1% of companies with 50-100. The proportion of 100 to 500 people is 2.5%, and that of 500 or more is only 0.1%. The production of plastics in Korea has grown very rapidly. In 1986, it exceeded 2 million tons. In 1990, it increased by 3 million tons. In 1992, it exceeded 5 million tons. In 1994, In 1996 and 1997, it rose to more than 6 million tons, more than 7 million tons and more than 8 million tons respectively. In 1998, the output increased to 8.5 million tons. In 1999, it exceeded 9 million tons. In 2001, it reached 12 million tons. Among the largest plastics producers, South Korea's plastic raw materials are the first in terms of polyethylene. In 2001, the output was 3.4 million tons (1.6 million tons of low-density polyethylene, 1.8 million tons of high-density polyethylene), and polypropylene was placed at 2.38 million tons. The second place, followed by polyester 1.61 million tons, vinyl chloride 1.24 million tons, ABS•AS resin 860,000 tons, polystyrene 770,000 tons. South Korea's domestic plastic consumption in 2001 was 4.2 million tons, only equivalent to the output 1/3 is slightly higher. The per capita plastic consumption was 106 kg in 2001, and the total number of employees in the Korean plastics processing industry was 31,000 in 2001. The shipment amount was 8.5 billion US dollars, and the average per capita was 276 US dollars.

The top 10 countries in the world in plastics production include France's 6.6 million tons, Belgium's 6 million tons, China's Taiwan's 5.98 million tons, Canada's 4.32 million tons and Italy's 3.85 million tons (both in 2001)